Contraception

Contraception helps to prevent unwanted pregnancy and there's no shortage of choice with 12 methods available.

Contraceptive pill

99% effective

Can cause temporary side effects

Emergency contraception

‘Morning after’ pill

IUD

3 – 5 days after sex

Copper coil IUD

99% effective

Lasts 5-10 years

No hormones

Doesn’t prevent STIs

Hormonal IUS

99% effective

Can lighten or stop periods

Lasts 3-5 years

Condoms

Protect against STIs

No side effects

Available free of charge

Contraceptive implant

99% effective

Lasts for 3 years

Uses the hormone progestogen

Natural family planning

Complicated

Unreliable

Doesn’t protect against STIs

Injections

99% effective

Can lighten periods

Can be used when breastfeeding

Doesn’t protect against STIs

Contraception - Easy read

Vaginal ring

99% effective

Easy to put in and take out

Makes periods less heavy

Doesn’t protect against STIs

Sterilisation

99% effective

Permanent

Doesn’t affect hormones

Contraceptive patch

99% effective

Easy to use

Doesn’t protect against STIs

Diaphragms

Less effective

No side-effects

Does not protect against STIs

Stylised image of a woman
Stylised image of a man
Easy read

Contraception can help to prevent pregnancy and some sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There are lots of types of contraception to choose from depending on the type of person you are, your lifestyle  and the type of sex you are having. Barrier methods of contraception such as the condom or the diaphragm work by stopping sperm from reaching an egg. Condoms are also the most effective way of preventing STIs. Long acting reversible contraception (LARC) such as the contraceptive implant, the hormonal IUS (Intra-uterine System) or the contraceptive injection work by altering hormone levels in a woman’s body so that they don’t get pregnant. This type of contraceptive means that you don’t have to remember to take it on a regular basis. The pill is another very common type of contraception and can have the added benefit of reducing period pain.

If you have very recently had unprotected sex or if the condom broke and you are worried about pregnancy then emergency contraception such as the ‘morning after pill’ (emergency hormonal contraception) or the copper coil are available from our clinics and some pharmacies.

If you regularly change partners or are a man who has sex with another man then we would recommend that you use condoms every time you have sex. If you are at the start or end of a relationship of any kind or if you have not been tested for STIs then we would recommend that you also use condoms.

We have tried to include as much information about the different types of contraception in this section as possible but it can seem very confusing especially if it is your first time. Don’t worry, we’re here to help and would be very happy to talk to you about what your options are and what will work best for you. You can find out how to contact us here.

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